Understand Prostate Gland
The prostate gland is a small gland that is located just below the bladder in men. By creating and secreting a fluid that aids in sperm nutrition and transportation, it plays a significant part in the male reproductive system.
As men age, the prostate gland can sometimes enlarge, a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which can cause urinary symptoms such as frequent urination or difficulty starting and stopping the flow of urine. The prostate gland can also be affected by prostate cancer, a type of cancer that can develop in the gland and can sometimes spread to other parts of the body if not detected and treated early.
Increasing Risk of Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men and usually develops slowly, with many men not experiencing any symptoms in the early stages. Prostate cancer is a growing health concern in India, with a higher incidence rate reported in recent years. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among Indian men after lung cancer, with an estimated 1 in 7 men at risk of developing the disease. While lower than the rates reported in many Western nations, the age-adjusted incidence rate of prostate cancer in India is approximately 10 per 100,000 people and is rising over time. In order to improve outcomes for affected men, there is a need for more awareness, screening, and early detection of the disease.
Several risk factors have been identified that may increase a man’s chances of developing the disease.
- Age is one of the most significant risk factors, with prostate cancer being more common in men over the age of 50.
- Family history is another important risk factor, with men who have a close relative such as a father or brother with prostate cancer being at increased risk themselves.
- Other risk factors that have been identified include obesity, a diet high in saturated fats and red meat, and exposure to certain environmental toxins.
Prostate Cancer Survival Rate
The prostate cancer survival rate varies depending on various factors such as;
- Stage of cancer at diagnosis
- Age and overall health of the patient
- Type of treatment received
The overall prostate cancer survival rate is quite high, with about 98% of men surviving at least five years after diagnosis and about 95% surviving at least ten years. In many cases, prostate cancer is slow-growing and may not require immediate treatment, allowing for careful monitoring and management over time.
Prostate cancer may not cause any noticeable symptoms in its early stages, which is why regular screening is important for early detection. However, as cancer grows and spreads, it can cause a range of symptoms that can vary depending on the location and extent of the cancer.
The Common Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer include;
- Difficulty urinating
- Frequent urination
- Blood in the urine
- Pain or discomfort during urination or ejaculation
- Fatigue, weight loss, or loss of appetite
Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer treatment depends on various factors such as;
- Stage and grade of cancer
- Patient’s age and overall health
Prostate cancer treatment options may include;
- Active surveillance Surgery
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone therapy, or chemotherapy
- Robotic Surgery
- Hormonal + CT
The choice of treatment depends on various factors, and patients should consult with their healthcare team to determine the best approach for their individual situation.
Best Urology Hospital for Prostate Cancer Treatment
India is a hub of most of the best Urology Hospitals and Urologists for giving the best treatment for Prostate cancer patients. Among all of these best urology hospitals, a few are situated in Delhi NCR and have a team of the best healthcare professionals, which include urologists, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, and other specialists.
At Accord Superspeciality Hospital, Faridabad NCR we have a team of the best Urologists in Faridabad who use the 360-degree approach to treat patients with the best possible treatment and help them live a better life again.
Understand Prostate Cancer Better
Q-1. What are some common screening tests for prostate cancer?
Ans: Common screening tests for prostate cancer include a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test.
Q-2. What are some common treatment options for prostate cancer?
Ans: Treatment options for prostate cancer may include active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy.
Q-3. What are some common side effects of prostate cancer treatment?
Ans: Side effects of prostate cancer treatment can vary depending on the type of treatment, but may include fatigue, urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, and bowel problems.
Q-4. Can prostate cancer be prevented?
Ans: While there is no sure fire way to prevent prostate cancer, making healthy lifestyle choices such as maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and getting regular exercise may reduce the risk of the disease.
Q-5. What is the prognosis for prostate cancer?
Ans: The prognosis for prostate cancer depends on various factors such as the stage of the cancer at diagnosis, the patient's age and overall health, and the type of treatment received